Murchison Falls Protected Area (covering 3840 square kilometers) situated in the northwest, about 90 kilometers from Masindi is the biggest national park in Uganda, and is comprised of Karuma plus Bugungu Wildlife Reserves. It was named Murchison Falls after the impressive Murchison Falls on which the longest river in the world – River Nile thunderously explodes through a 7 meters gorge on the Rift Valley Escarpment and drops to 43 meters below through a series of cascades from here it becomes a calm river and its banks are crowded with giant crocodiles, buffaloes, hippos as well as waterbucks. The Murchison vegetation is comprised of woodland, Savannah grasslands plus riverine forest.
Its Wildlife includes chimpanzees, tree climbing lions plus Uganda kobs, plus a variety of bird species among which are the uncommon shoebill.
Murchison Falls National park which is the country’s largest park is habitat to a number of wild African savannah and divided by the great river Nile.
The populations of wildlife in the park has greatly recovered from the severe poaching that happened in the 1980s; within the verdant borassus grassland just north of the River Nile you will commonly come across giraffes, elephants, buffaloes, plus a diversity of antelope species during the game drive.
Rabongo Forest –found in the southeastern part of the park, is habitat to chimpanzees plus other rainforest species.
The River Nile itself is habitat to one of the largest populations of hippos and crocodiles in the world, in addition to a diversity of water bird species like the most easily accessible population of the uncommon shoebill Stork in the world.
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