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Bugoma Forest Reserve in Uganda- Bugoma Central Forest Reserve is 411 km2, comprising a stretch of forest measuring 40 km. Bugoma is the largest remaining block of forest along the Albertine Rift Valley between Murchison Falls national park and the Semliki National Park. Located southwest of Hoima and northeast of Kyenjojo towns, and east of Lake Albert, in the Hoima district.
It occupies about 41,144 ha and has an altitudinal range of 990-1300m above sea level. The forest type is classified as medium altitude moist semi-deciduous forest with a high biodiversity. It occupies a gently sloping area, which drains towards Lake Albert in the west. There is only one permanent river, the Nkusi, which forms the southern boundary. The forest is isolated from other protected areas and surrounded by smallholdings and settlement. About half of the forested portion is dominated by iron wood (Crynometra alexandri), a further 38% is mixed Forest.
Bugoma Central Forest Reserve has a range of forest dependent and biome-restricted species and with two globally threatened species with Nahan’s Francolin and Grey Parrot so far the only two globally threatened species found here. There are also several Guinea-Congo biome-restricted species. In addition to birds, Bugoma Central Forest Reserve is also important for other biodiversity with a number of tree and mammal species. There are 38 species of mammals and 9 species of reptiles, 20 species of amphibians of which one is an Albertine Rift endemic. Also has 257 species of trees and shrubs of which 7 are Albertine Rift endemics, 12 are globally. There are 225 species of birds with two globally threatened species (Nahan’s Francolin and Grey Parrot), 292 species of butterflies with 4 Albertine Rift species and 118 species of moths.
What to do at Bugoma Central Forest Reserve
Guided nature walks in Bugoma Forest: trails are open in Bugoma Forest to go and try to spot Ugandan mongabeys and other primates. There is also Bugoma Jungle Lodge loop trail; a 20 minutes guided trails where you can spot many species of birds and primates like black and white colobus, red tailed monkeys and mongabeys as well as Chimpanzees, and Reptiles.
Birding: The forest offers a wide range of birding experience with range of forest dependent and biome-restricted species and with two globally threatened species; Nahan’s Francolin and Grey Parrot that are so far the only two globally threatened species found here.